Cosmetic Bonding is ideal for general and emergency repair of a decayed, fractured, chipped, or discolored tooth. It is also used for minor corrections of tooth contour and is the easiest, least expensive cosmetic correction. The composite resin used in this procedure is color matched with the surrounding teeth.
Veneers are thin shells of porcelain or composite material fabricated to cover the fronts of teeth. Their purpose is to alter the shape and color of the teeth by eliminating gaps, re-contouring shapes of crooked or poorly aligned teeth, and covering up stains.
Veneers are fabricated by removing a small amount of enamel, then taking an impression for the lab. The veneer is later bonded to the tooth. The color, appearance, and translucence can either be matched to an adjacent tooth or completely changed, depending on the number of teeth being enhanced.
Composite VS Porcelain Veneers
Both treatments involve partial or full coverage of the front surfaces of anterior teeth. Composite is a reinforced plastic filling produced in many shades. Composite veneers can be done very quickly in a single visit. The downside of composite fillings is their propensity to wear, chip, and stain. They last between 4-8 years. In contrast, porcelain veneers are fabricated by a laboratory, they can be precisely shade matched, and are more life-like due to their translucent qualities. They are more durable, lasting 12-25 years, don’t fracture easily, and require the same maintenance as natural teeth.
Teeth can darken over time due to medications we take (Tetracycline, or excessive amounts of fluoride), foods we eat, certain beverages such as coffee, tea, wine and dark colored juices, use of tobacco products, leaking of silver fillings, trauma to a tooth resulting in the tooth dying, and the process of tooth decay.
There are a number of methods available to reverse some of the darkening processes. Most tooth whitening products contain either hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide, which work to lighten stains on the outer surfaces of teeth (extrinsic stains).
Stains that penetrate through all layers of the teeth are referred to as intrinsic stains and do not lighten to the same degree as the extrinsic stains. Since whitening products do not penetrate into the tooth, they do not weaken the structural integrity of teeth in any way. A mild sensitivity to sucking in air or cold is a common temporary side effect of tooth whitening, but teeth will return to normal after a few days.